Skip to content

Outline For Writing A Compare And Contrast Essay

Throughout the course of your education and career (if you choose to become a writer), you’ll have the opportunity to work on different writing assignments and, of course, essays are inevitable. The essay is a piece of writing that methodically analyzes and evaluates a topic or issue. That’s why there are different types of essays, used to discuss, analyze, evaluate, or compare different situations or subjects e.g. argumentative essay, cause and effect essay, and compare and contrast essay. Your ability to create an excellent paper depends on structuring a perfect outline. Throughout this post, I’m going to show you how to compose an outline for compare and contrast essay to get good grades (or positive feedback from the client) every time.

Compare and contrast essay outline

The easiest definition of compare and contrast essay that explore both the similarities and differences between two subjects by comparing or contrasting them. It’s very easy to mistake this style of essay writing for a simple comparison between some topics or subjects, but that’s not entirely correct. Always bear in mind that your essay has to serve a larger purpose and include the following:

  • Demonstrate that one thing is superior to another
  • Identify and clarify common misunderstandings
  • Provide a new way of doing or understanding something
  • State, elaborate, discuss something unknown
  • Support every claim with facts and accurate, reliable sources

When it comes to structuring the outline for this kind of essay, there are different methods you can follow depending on the organization.

Point-by-point pattern (organization by criteria)

This outline is primarily used to compare items or subjects that are almost similar or when you plan (or have to) evaluate only a few characteristics or criteria when comparing them. Use the diagram below to create the outline for the point-by-point pattern.

Block pattern (organization by item)

In instances when you have to compare items, situations, or topics that are entirely different or when there are multiple criteria to involve, the point-by-point pattern doesn’t function quite well. That’s why you should opt for block pattern or organization by item.

Why? The reason is simple; the same criteria don’t apply to different topics, people, objects, events, and so on. When the essay requires a multitude of approaches to explore, it’s important to learn how to organize it properly in a bid to ensure easy reading. Create the outline based on the diagram below.

Block pattern can be structured in a different manner as well. Instead of the separate paragraph for each point, you compare, you can set out one section to name their similarities and a second paragraph to analyze dissimilarities point by point.

Now that you know how to create a functional outline, you’re ready to move on to the essay writing process.

Introduction

The intro for this kind of essay doesn’t differ much from other types. It’s the part where you introduce the overall subject of the piece and specific items, situations, or events you have to compare and/or contrast. As seen in diagrams, the introduction should feature:

  • The mentioning of the main topic – begin with a hook sentence and detail specific to the topic itself. Your hook can be a quote, question, anecdote, anything you see fit for the particular subject you have to write about
  • Specific subjects to compare and contrast – of course, you can’t start writing about similarities and differences between two items out of the blue. That’s why you should set out a sentence or two to mention specific topics you’ll compare under the central theme
  • Thesis statement – it marks the tone of the essay and catches reader’s attention. Last sentence (or two) of your paper should account for a specific and concise thesis. There’s no need for wordiness in this part because thesis, as the entire introduction, shouldn’t be too long.

Once you’re done with the intro, you’re ready to move on to the body paragraphs.

Body paragraphs

A total number of paragraphs in the body section depends on a number of aspects or criteria you have to discuss. For example, if you have to make a comparison between two different events through two aspects, you’ll need two paragraphs. Three criteria require three paragraphs, and so on. Sometimes, you’ll get the amount of aspects to use for comparison/contrast from your professor or a client, while in other instances, you’ll just have to determine the number yourself during the research process.

When you get the title and aspects to compare but without a certain number of criteria to cover similarities and differences, you have to brainstorm. Take a blank piece of paper and write the first item in the left corner, the second item in the right corner. Make a Venn diagram and start analyzing.

REMEMBER: Typically, you don’t need more than three aspects to cover, unless otherwise noted.

When you start brainstorming and researching the topic, the chances are high you’ll find a wide array of differences and similarities. However, your essay has to be well-crafted, and you can’t include absolutely everything you find (that way you’d write forever). To determine what to compare or differentiate answer these questions:

  • Is this relevant for my course?
  • What matters to the argument I’m going to take (or I’m given)?
  • What’s informative and interesting?
  • What’s relevant to my assignment?

Each paragraph in the body should start with a topic sentence (point 1, criterion 1/item A, B) focused on the aspect you’re about to compare/contrast. Then, you proceed with details you find when conducting research. Remember, just like in other types of essays, thorough research is highly relevant here, too.

It’s not just about mentioning differences and similarities one by one and stating your opinion or argument about them. Every detail you find should be supported by substantial evidence, statistics, studies, official data, and so on.

To show comparisons and emphasize the overall effect, don’t forget to use some connectors such as:

  • At the same time, as well as
  • Both
  • Compared to
  • Correspondingly
  • In addition
  • In the same way
  • Just as
  • Likewise
  • Same as
  • Similarly

Of course, you can include connectors to express or heighten the contrasting effect. For example:

  • Conversely
  • Even though, although
  • However
  • In contrast
  • Meanwhile
  • Nevertheless
  • On the contrary
  • On the other hand
  • Unlike

For the best possible result and successful completion of the essay, the body paragraphs should be analyzed from the perspective of an independent analytic. Ideally, your paper shouldn’t be biased. You don’t want the reader of your paper to assume what item you prefer or despise automatically.

Conclusion

At this point, you have the introduction and body paragraphs, which indicates you’re ready to conclude the essay. Generally, this is the easiest part, but you should ensure it’s properly structured as well. Here’s what your conclusion should contain:

  • Summary of main points – at the very beginning of this part, you should summarize the main points you’ve made throughout the essay. It’s important to synthesize your thesis with info in body paragraphs
  • Evaluation – provide a short analysis of what you discussed in the paper or mention possible solutions. The approach depends on the nature of your subject
  • Significance – not only do you have to clarify the importance of the main topic, but also mention the significance of comparisons or contrasts. How to do this? It’s not that difficult; answer the What was my goal in showing similarities/differences between these items? Your response indicates their significance.

Post-writing stage

You finished writing the paper, but your work isn’t over just yet. Before sending or submitting the essay, it’s necessary to proofread and edit the paper to eliminate all mistakes and unwanted parts.

Proofreading isn’t only necessary for correcting typos or grammar, these seemingly unimportant errors that “everyone makes” break the reader from the flow of the paper and undermine its power of persuasion. When you finish the essay, read your work from top to bottom without doing anything. You’ll probably spot some mistakes, but don’t rush correcting them immediately. Then, start reading again and correct typos, grammar errors, and sentence constructions. Don’t resist the urge to rewrite some sentences for better effect.

Nowadays, in the era of technology, you might feel tempted to download software (or find grammar/spelling checker online) and let it do the work for you. First of all, they aren’t always correct, and secondly, your critical thinking skills will improve only when you do it yourself. The software can be used as additional essay help. Another useful idea is to ask a family member or a friend to read the essay and see if they can spot some mistakes.

You’re almost ready to submit your essay, check whether you included references (if not, do so) and you’re done.

Bottom line

Compare, and contrast essay is concerned with evaluating differences and similarities between given items or topics. It’s not just a mere comparison; the essay requires thorough evaluation and analysis supported by reliable data. This post explained how to create the outline properly, and all you have to do is to write according to the structure provided. Remember, once you create the structure and choose the adequate pattern (point-by-point or block), you just have to fill in the missing detail with results of your search.

The Compare and Contrast Essay, which illustrates the similarities and differences between two items, follows a format similar to the standard five-paragraph essay. Its Introduction Paragraph includes a Thesis Statement; it has at least three Body Paragraphs supporting the Essay’s Thesis or overall argument, and it ends with a Conclusion Paragraph tying the whole thing together.

 

Not sure how to write your paper? You can order it here - our writers will be more than happy to come up with a custom-written 100% unique Compare and Contrast Essay.

 

Below is an elaborate outline designed to illustrate the similarities and differences between Verse and Prose (how exactly they compare and contrast), an essay topic that is, perhaps, most appropriate to pursue for a writing composition course.


 

Outline for a Compare and Contrast Essay – Verse and Prose

 

I. Introduction Paragraph

 

A. Topic Sentence – organizes the essay’s first paragraph and relates the paragraph to the essay’s Thesis, acting as a signpost for its argument.

 

B. Thesis Statement – the paper’s premise that is to be argued or maintained in the essay, generally a sentence explaining that the two items compare and contrast based on a shared set of characteristics, functions, definitions, etc.

 

For example: There are numerous ways that verse and prose can be compared and contrasted based on their meanings and applications.

 


 

 See also:

     How to Write Compare and Contrast Essay

     Compare and Contrast Essay Format

     Compare and Contrast Essay Topics

 


 

 

Body Paragraphs

 

The Compare and Contrast Essay’s Body Paragraphs directly follow the Introduction Paragraph; they support, evidence, explain and illustrate how the items are similar and different in the form of three main points – all of which defend the Thesis one paragraph at a time. For this particular essay, the three main points can be expounded on in at least two ways: one, with each paragraph showing how Verse and Prose both compare and contrast; the other is examining one comparison or contrast at a time in each paragraph.

 

Once the student decides which method works best for their essay – whether having the first body paragraph or so illustrate the comparisons of Prose and Verse, then the subsequent paragraphs on their contrasts; or having each paragraph examine both the comparisons and contrasts of Prose and Verse – they will have their three main points.

 

Nonetheless, each body paragraph should begin with a Transitional Phrase indicating to the reader that a new point is being examined or put forth. Appropriate examples are provided below.

 

Also, in each body paragraph, before its main point is being illustrated, the student must remember to restate their Thesis – but not verbatim as it was stated originally in the Introduction Paragraph – to keep the reader focused and reminded of the argument being made or put forth.


II. Body Paragraph No. 1

 

A. Transitional Phrase – First of all, Firstly, To start off with, To begin with

 

B. Restate Thesis

 

C. Point No. 1

 


III. Body Paragraph No. 2

 

A. Transitional Phrase – Secondly, Next, Then, Furthermore, Also, Moreover

 

B. Restate Thesis

 

C. Point No. 2

 


IV. Body Paragraph No. 3

 

A. Transitional Phrase – Next, Then, Furthermore, Also, Moreover, Thirdly, Lastly

 

B. Restate Thesis

 

C. Point No. 3

 

(More paragraphs can be added if another point needs illustrating.)

 


V. Conclusion Paragraph – ties the paper together so that the reader understands the essay’s main argument.


A. Transitional Phrase – Lastly, In conclusion, To sum it up, Ultimately

 

B. Summary of Essay, from the original Thesis Statement to its three main points of support that are illustrated in the body paragraphs.

 

In case you need help writing your essay - click here and get professional assistance from PhD and MBA degree holders.

How will you select my writer?

We generally allow our most experienced writers to pick-up orders themselves, as long as they have the relevant qualifications. When a new order comes in, we circulate a notice to all writers in that field, and someone who is available and interested in your topic will chose to work on your project. Our junior or less experienced writers require administrators' approval before they can start on the job. Writers have competitive incentives to work towards and are well looked after, which means that we attract and retain the very best writers in this industry.

View all questions

Celebrating 10 Years in Business! We offer:

  • PhD-level professionals
  • On-time delivery guarantee
  • Automatic plagiarism check
  • 100% authentic or your money back
  • Customer information remains strictly confidential