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Director General Of Industrial Relations Malaysia Assignment

The following questions are commonly asked by website visitors of Industrial Court of Malaysia. If you have any other questions, please call us at +60392365000 or email us at

Q1 : What is the remedy awarded in the case of dismissal?
A1 : Reinstatement to the former employment or compensation in lieu of reinstatement and backwages.

Q2 : Who can represent me in the Industrial Court?
A2 : Section 27(1) of the Industrial Relations Act. 1967, provides that in any proceedings before the Court a party may :

Where the party is a trade union, be represented by an officer or employee of the trade union.
Where that party is an employer, appear himself personally or be represented by his duly authorized employee or an officer or employee of the trade union of employers of which he is a member.
Where the party is a workmen (in proceedings under Section 20(3)), appear himself personally or where he is a member of a trade union of workmen, be represented by an officer or employee of the trade union.
Where the party is a trade union, or an employer, or a workman (in proceedings under section 20(3)) be represented with the permission of the President or the Chairman, by an advocate, or ,notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any written law relating to the registration of trade unions, by any official of an organisation (not being a trade union) of employers or workmen, as the case may be, registered in Malaysia.

Q3 : Can there be an appeal against the decision of the Industrial Court?
A3 : No. An award of the Court is final and conclusive. However it can be challenged at the High Court for an error of law or lack or excess of jurisdiction by way of certiorari.

Q4 : Is there any costs to be paid if a matter is referred to the Industrial Court?
A4 : No costs need to be paid.

Q5 : How can a workman, who has been dismissed have his matter referred to the Industrial Court?

A5 : A workman who has been dismissed must make a representation in writing to the Director General of Industrial Relations to be reinstated to his former employment within 60 days of his dismissal. The Director General of Industrial Relations will try to resolve the matter through conciliation between the parties. If conciliation fails , the Director General of Industrial Relations will refer the matter to the Minister, who may, if he thinks fit, refer the matter to the Industrial Court for a decision

Q6 : What types of cases are heard by the Industrial Court?
A6: The types of cases which are heard by the Industrial Court are as follows :

Q7 : Who conducts the hearing at the Industrial Court?
A7 : For dismissal cases, the case is heard by the President or Chairman sitting alone. For trade disputes, the case is heard by a panel comprising of the President / Chairman, an employer’s representive and an employee’s representative.

Kementerian Sumber Manusia
Ministry overview
Formed31 August 1957; 60 years ago (1957-08-31)
Preceding Ministry
JurisdictionGovernment of Malaysia
HeadquartersLevel 6-9, Block D3, Complex D, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62530 Putrajaya
Employees8,611 (2017)
Annual budgetMYR 1,240,485,000 (2017)
Minister responsible
Deputy Minister responsible
Ministry executives
  • Adenan Ab. Rahman, Secretary-General
  • Mohd Sahar Darusman, Deputy Secretary-General (Policy and International)
  • Mohamed Elias Abu Bakar, Deputy Secretary-General (Operations)

The Ministry of Human Resources (Malay: Kementerian Sumber Manusia), abbreviated MOHR, is a ministry of the Government of Malaysia that is responsible for skills development, labour, occupational safety and health, trade unions, industrial relations, industrial court, labour market information and analysis, social security.


  • Minister of Human Resources
    • Deputy Minister of Human Resources
      • Secretary-General
        • Under the Authority of Secretary-General
          • Legal Division
          • Internal Audit Unit
          • Corporate Communication Unit
          • Key Performance Indicator Unit
          • Integrity Unit
        • Deputy Secretary-General (Policy and International)
          • Policy Division
          • Institute of Labour Market Information and Analysis
          • International Division
          • National Wages Consultative Council
        • Deputy Secretary-General (Operations)
          • Development, Financial and Human Resources Division
          • Management Services Division
          • Account Division
          • Information Management Division
          • Inspectorate and Enforcement Division

Federal departments[edit]

  1. Department of Labour of Peninsular Malaysia, or Jabatan Tenaga Kerja Semenanjung Malaysia (JTKSM). (Official site)
  2. Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), or Jabatan Keselamatan dan Kesihatan Pekerjaan (JKKP). (Official site)
  3. Industrial Court of Malaysia, or Mahkamah Perusahaan Malaysia. (Official site)
  4. Manpower Department, or Jabatan Tenaga Manusia (JTM). (Official site)
  5. Department of Skills Development (DSD), or Jabatan Pembangunan Kemahiran. (Official site)
    1. Centre for Instructor and Advanced Skill Training (CIAST), or Pusat Latihan Pengajar dan Kemahiran Lanjutan. (Official site)
  6. Department of Trade Union Affairs, or Jabatan Hal Ehwal Kesatuan Sekerja (JHEKS). (Official site)
  7. Department of Labour Sarawak, or Jabatan Tenaga Kerja Sarawak. (Official site)
  8. Department of Labour Sabah, or Jabatan Tenaga Kerja Sabah. (Official site)
  9. Department of Industrial Relations Malaysia, or Jabatan Perhubungan Perusahaan Malaysia (JPP). (Official site)
    1. Productivity-Linked Wage System (PLWS), or Sistem Upah yang Dikaitkan dengan Produktiviti. (Official site)

Federal agencies[edit]

  1. Social Security Organisation (SOCSO), or Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial (PERKESO). (Official site)
  2. Human Resources Development Fund (HRDF), or Pembangunan Sumber Manusia Berhad. (Official site)
  3. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), or Institut Keselamatan dan Kesihatan Pekerjaan Negara. (Official site)
  4. Skills Development Fund Corporation, or Perbadanan Tabung Pembangunan Kemahiran (PTPK). (Official site)
  5. Institute of Labour Market Information and Analysis (ILMIA), or Institut Maklumat Dan Analisa Pasaran Buruh. (Official site)

Key legislation[edit]

The Ministry of Human Resources is responsible for administration of several key Acts:

Occupation and Labour Standards
Occupational Safety and Health
Industrial Relations
Social Security
Skills Development


To be the leading agency in the development and management of a world class workforce.


  • To grow and increase a workforce that is productive, informative, discipline, caring and responsive to the changing labor environment towards increasing the economic growth and hence create more job opportunities.
  • To encourage and maintain conducive and harmonised industrial relationships between employers, employees and trade unions for the nation's economic development and wellness of people.
  • To uphold social justice and ensure harmonious industrial relations through solving industrial dispute between employer and employee and awarding collective agreement.
  • To ensure trade unions practice democracy in an orderly manner and is responsible to assist achieving the objective of industrial harmony.
  • To be the leader in development of nation's human resources.
  • To ensure safety and health of workforce is assured.
  • To develop skilled, knowledgeable and competitive workforce in a harmonious industrial relations with social justice.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]