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Essay On Indian Red Cross Day Of Caring

World Red Cross Day is celebrated every year on 8th May. This day is an annual event which celebrates the principles of "International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement”. It is celebrated every year to pay tribute to the volunteers for their unprecedented contribution to the people in need.

The Mission of the Red Cross Society is to inspire, encourage and initiate at all times and all forms of humanitarian activities so that human suffering can be minimized and to create a peaceful environment.

The Red Cross programmes are grouped into four main core areas: promoting humanitarian principles and values; disaster response; disaster preparedness; health and care in the community.

Seven Principles of Red Cross Society:

Humanity: The main purpose is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation amongst all peoples.

Impartiality: It makes no discrimination on the basis of nationally, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. The main motive is to help individuals solely on the basis of their needs and to give priority to the most urgent cases of distress.

Neutrality: In order to enjoy the confidence of all, the movement does not engage in controversies of political, racial, religious or ideological nature.

Independence: The movement is independent. The National Societies, while auxiliaries in the humanitarian services of their governments and subject to the laws of their respective countries, must always maintain their autonomy so that they may be able at all times to act in accordance with the principles of the movement.

Voluntary service: It is voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.

Unity: The Red Cross society must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory.

Universality: The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all societies have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide.



  • PUBLISHED DATE : May 03, 2016
  • PUBLISHED BY : Zahid
  • LAST UPDATED BY : May 03, 2016


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"IRCS" redirects here. For the Iranian RCS, see Red Crescent Society of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

The Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) is a voluntary humanitarian organisation to protect human life and health based in India.[1] It is part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, and so shares the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. The society's mission is providing relief in times of disasters/emergencies and promoting health & care of vulnerable people and communities. It has a network of over 700 branches throughout India.[1] The Society uses the Red Cross as an emblem in common with other international Red Cross societies. Volunteering has been at the very heart of the Indian Red Cross Society since its inception in 1920, with the Society having Youth and Junior volunteering programmes.[2] The Society is closely associated with the St John Ambulance in India.


During the First World War relief services for affected soldiers in India was provided by a branch of the Joint War Committee, a collaboration between the St. John Ambulance Association and the British Red Cross. On 3 March 1920 a bill was introduced to the Indian Legislative Council by Sir Claude Hill (a member of the Viceroy'sExecutive Council who was also Chairman of the Joint War Committee in India) to constitute the Indian Red Cross Society, independent of the British Red Cross. The Bill was passed as the Indian Red Cross Society Act, 1920 on 17 March 1920, and became Parliament Act XV of 1920 with the assent of the Governor General on the 20 March 1920.[3]

On 7 June 1920 fifty members were formally nominated to constitute the Indian Red Cross Society from members of the Indian branch of the Joint War Committee.[3] The first Managing Body was elected from among them with Sir William Malcolm Hailey as Chairman.

Red Cross parcels[edit]

PoW parcels, supplied by the Indian Red Cross Society during WW2 contained:

  • 8 ounces fruit in syrup
  • 16 ounces lentils
  • 2 ounces toilet soap
  • 16 ounces flour
  • 8 biscuits
  • 8 ounces margarine
  • 12 ounces Nestle's Milk
  • 14 ounces rice
  • 16 ounces pilchards
  • 2 ounces curry powder
  • 8 ounces sugar
  • 1 ounce dried eggs
  • 2 ounces tea
  • 1 ounce salt
  • 4 ounces chocolate [4]

Post War[edit]

In 1947 some of the IRCS assets were provided to found the Pakistan Red Crescent Society.

The act governing the IRCS was last amended by The Indian Red Cross Society (Amendment) Bill, 1992.[1][3]


  • The IRCS has 35 State / Union Territories Branches with their more than 700 districts and sub district branches.[1]
  • The President of India is the President of the IRCS[3]
  • The Minister of Health and Family Welfare is the Chairman of the Society.
  • The National Managing Body consists of 19 members.
  • The Chairman and 6 members of the managing body are nominated by the President.[3] The remaining 12 are elected by the state and union territory branches through an electoral college.
  • The Vice Chairman is elected by the members of the Managing Body.
  • The Managing Body is responsible for governance and supervision of the functions of the society through a number of committees.
  • The Secretary General is the Chief Executive of the Society.

List of Secretary Generals of the Indian Red Cross Society[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]