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Essay On Causes Of Gulf War

Essay about The Causes of the Persian Gulf War

1951 Words8 Pages

The Causes of the Persian Gulf War     
     “Two dozen U.S. and British aircrafts bombed five radar and other anti-aircraft sites around Baghdad with guided missiles yesterday in the first major military action of the Bush administration. It was the largest airstrike against Iraq in two years and hit sites near the Iraqi capital, a significant departure from the low-key enforcement of no-fly zones in the country’s south and north. The U.S.-led alliance declared the zones off-limits to Iraqi aircrafts after the Persian Gulf War. President Bush, speaking at a new conference in Mexico alongside the Mexican President, Vicente Fox, called the raid
‘routine.’ But it was widely interperted in…show more content…

Although a few concessions were granted prior to World War I (1914-1918), little surveying or exploration was actually done. In 1912, several rival groups banded together to establish the Turkish Petroleum Company (TPC), which would also seek a concession to explore for Iraqi oil and would attempt to eliminate rivalry among the partners (Phyllis and Moushabeck 49).
     Establishment of the TPC did not, however, eliminate the rivalry among the shareholders representing various national interests, such as those of Great Britain.
After World War I, Iraq became a British mandate in 1920 yet that did not guarantee the
TPC an exclusive concession. After lengthy negotiations, a concession was finally granted in 1925. In fact, numerous amounts of oil were discovered and because of the continuous negotiations with the Iraqi government, the TPC was renamed the Iraqi
Petroleum Company (IPC) in 1929. This resulted in complete IPC control over the oil in
Iraq (Phyllis and Moushabeck 47-49).
     After the Iraqi revolution in 1958 and after the country was declared a Republic in
1961, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was formed in response to a reduction in revenues due to a surplus amount of oil in Iraq. OPEC’s main objective was to limit the impact of Iraq on IPC. In response, Iraq formed the state-owned Iraq Nation Oil

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Summary Of First Gulf War Essay

Operation Desert Storm / Desert Shield

In 1979 Saddam Hussein took control of Iraq, and immediately set the tone for his rule by killing 21 of his cabinet members. He wanted to make his country whole once again so on August 2, 1990 he invaded Kuwait and in less than 4 hours he had taken Kuwait and controlled 24% of the world's oil supplies. It seemed as if his next target was Saudi Arabia. Within days, the United States, along with the United Nations, demanded Iraq's immediate withdrawal. U.S. and other UN member nations began deploying troops in Saudi Arabia within the week, and the world-wide coalition began to form under UN authority.

There are three basic causes to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990. First, Iraq had long considered Kuwait to be a part of Iraq. This claim led to several confrontations over the years, and continued hostility. Also, it can be argued that with Saddam Hussein's attempted invasion of Iran defeated, he sought easier conquests against his weak southern neighbors.

Second, rich deposits of oil straddled the ill-defined border and Iraq constantly claimed that Kuwaiti oil rigs were illegally tapping into Iraqi oil fields. Middle Eastern deserts make border delineation difficult and this has caused many conflicts in the region.

The war began with an Iraqi invasion of Iran and degenerated into a bloody form of trench warfare as the Iranians slowly drove Saddam Hussein's armies back into Iraq. Kuwait and many other Arab nations supported Iraq against the Islamic Revolutionary government of Iran, fearful that Saddam's defeat could herald a wave of Iranian-inspired revolution throughout the Arab world. Following the end of the war, relations between Iraq and Kuwait deteriorated; with a lack of gratitude from the Baghdad government for help in the war and the reawakening of old issues regarding the border and Kuwaiti sovereignty.

By January of 1991, over half a million allied troops were deployed in Saudi Arabia and throughout the Gulf region. Intense diplomacy between...

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